The Philodendron Verrucosum is a gorgeous plant with large green leaves featuring darker areas with light green veining.
This is a fussier houseplant to grow. Native to the jungles of Ecuador, this plant grows as a hemiephiphyte and begins its life as a seed growing in the canopies of trees. Eventually these plants send roots down to the ground as they mature.
In order to be successful in caring for this plant you just need to know a few basic care tips. Light, watering, humidity, and soil needs. This plant is a big fan of humidity. If you live in a dryer climate with low humidity, you will definitely need to supplement the humidity around the plant with a small humidifier or a pebble tray. Try to maintain a humidity level above 70% with this plant.
This philodendron will grow best in a quick draining substrate mix. This means that we don’t want to pot this plant in heavy and dense soil that compacts around the roots. Most philodendrons will do best in a well draining mix. My favorite combination is 60% soil, 20% perlite, and 20% orchid bark.
This plant is hard to come by and you likely won’t find it hanging out at your local big box store. You may be able to purchase it through a small nursery or get lucky if they have a “rare” plant section. I have seen them available for purchase on Etsy however, they are mostly cuttings and a bit pricey. If you get your hands on one of these plants, make sure you do your research so you can properly care for it.
If you are are looking for a more affordable and super trendy Philodendron the Philodendron Birkin is a great option!
We have created a printable care guide with simple to follow instructions on how to care for your Verrucosum plant.
- This aroid requires a light soil.
- A mix of potting soil, perlite and orchid bark will keep the roots happiest.
- Here is our mix.
- Two parts potting soil to two parts perlite to one part orchid bark.
- A heavy soil potting mix is not recommended for aroids.
Pot Size and Type:
- The Philodendron Verrucosum generally grows lots of roots, so give it a pot that will allow it to spread a bit.
- If you want to encourage faster growth choose a pot about 2 inches wider in diameter than the current pot.
- Any well drained pot can be used. It MUST have drainage.
- Repot every second year or when roots come out the drainage holes on the pot bottom To the next pot size up.
- Don't jump to a huge pot from a small one unless you wish to encourage faster growth. Just go to the next size up pot.
- Stake this plant or train it onto a moss pole for best upright growth
- The Verrucosum enjoys bright indirect or dappled light.
It will tolerate lower indirect light it if has some brighter moments in the day.
- Some filtered sunlight from a window will be appreciated.
- Shield this aroid from strong direct light in summer south and west sunny windows. The leaves will burn.
- Tip: Window sheers or blinds can offset some brief periods of high direct light.
- Water your plant when the soil is dry. Aroids do not like to be overly wet. Try a watering schedule of every other week.
- Watering is best done on a regular schedule so the plant is not over or under watered. Both can cause stress on the plant.
- This tropical plant enjoys humidity. In dry climates this Philodendron will thrive with a humidifier nearby. OR use a pebble tray under the pot filled half way with water.
- Try to keep the humidity level above 70% for the Verrucosum
- In dormant winter months reduce watering to when the soil is dry.
- Never let this plant get wet feet. Water when the top 2 inches of soil are dry. If the soil is compacted the bottom of the soil can remain wet which encourages root rot. Heavy wet soils attract Fungus Gnats.
How to Fertilize:
- Apply a good quality fertilizer (linked in materials) monthly through Spring and summer.
- Decrease feedings by late Fall and allow the philodendron birkin to rest through the winter months.
- Keep the plant at a low of 65 Degrees F. to upward of 85 Degrees F. It enjoys warmth and humidity.
- The warmer the temperature and the higher the humidity the better for the Verrucosum
- All plants can get attacked by pests.
- Stress by longterm overwatering, poor light, extreme temperatures and soil conditions are contributors to plant stress..
- Spider mites, mealy bugs, scale, thrips and whitefly are the most common houseplant pests you will see.
- Read our post on How to get rid of aphids and other pests with our homemade pesticide soap recipe or neems oil.
- To minimize the possibility of pests be sure to check all nursery plants before bringing them home.
- Quarantine all new plants until you are sure no pests live in them.
How to Propagate:
- Propagation is easily done through leaf node stem cuttings.
- You need a 3 to 6 inch leaf stem with a couple of nodes and healthy growth.
- This more easily seen on vines but the Verrucosum has nodes at the leaf base too.
- Cut a long stem from the mother plant as close to the base of the plant as possible.
- Place the node into a jar with water. Use tap water that has settled 24 hours in the jar to dissipate chemicals harmful to the philodendron verrucosum
- Set the jar in a well lit area.
- After several weeks roots will grow. Allow the roots to get an inch or more in length.
- Plant gently and firmly into pot with proper soil mix.
- Make sure to keep the soil moist until the roots begin to set into the soil.
Read more about the Philodendron Verrucosum